PERSPECTIVES OF HEAVY METALS REMEDIATION: A REVIEW
PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY,
Volume 21, Issue 17-18,
Heavy metals contamination has received increasing attention worldwide as a result of their recalcitrant and tenacious nature that results in deleterious effects to surroundings shelf lives of plants and animals, reckoning chronic diseases in humans. There exists a broader scope for innovations in science, with stress on cost-effectiveness and to reduce the impact of anthropogenic activities on the surroundings, and exploration of the above mentioned opportunities alongside new initiatives for the restoration of surroundings. Microbial remediation is considered to be as promising technology for the remediation of contaminated sites for wide array of pollutants. Microbial flora have the potential of treating oil spills and heavy metals which are recalcitrant. Presence of conventional mechanisms, that don't seems to be illustrious, therefore bioremediation remains the first choice as a developing technology. This paper aims at presenting a review on bio remedial agents and so on their drawbacks. There is need to implement the application part of recent biotechnological advances in regard to heavy metal pollution that holds the potential to alleviate the natural environment and possess threat to metal pollution. In simple word, bioremediation is one method to treat the environment or polluted area using living cell such as microbe and is better over conventional treatment methods. In addition, bioremediation is a well-established process for the remediation of various types of contaminants. The process generally operate under condition that enhance the activities of either the native microorganism or the introduced species, particularly for those elements that transform or degrade under condition suitable for optimum performance of the microorganism.
- heavy metals
- anthropogenic activities
How to Cite
Kaewsarn P, Yu Q. Cadmium (ІІ) removal from aqueous solutions by pre-treated biomass of marine alga Padina sp. Environ. Pollut. 2001;112:209-213.
Rahman A, Nahar N, Nawani NN, Jass J, Desale P, Kapadnis BP, Hossain K, Saha AK, Ghosh S, Olsson B, Mandal A. Isolation of a Lysinibacillus strain B1-CDA showing potentials for arsenic biore-mediation. J. Environ. Sci. and Health, Part A. 2014;49:1349–1360.
Rahman A, Nahar N, Nawani NN, Jass J, Hossain K, Saha AK, Ghosh S, Olsson B, Mandal A. Bioremediation of hexavalent chromium (VI) by a soil borne bacterium, Enterobacter cloacae B2-DHA. J. Environ. Sci. and Health, Part A. 2015a;50(11): 1136-1147.
Castro-Gonzalez MI, Mendez-Armenta M. Heavy metals: Implications associated to fish consumption. Environmental Toxico-logy & Pharmacology. 2008;26:263-271.
Rosegrant MW, Cai X. Water scarcity and food security: Alternative futures for the 21st century. Water Sci. Technol. 2001; 43(4):61-70.
Giri AK. Removal of arsenic (iii) and chromium (vi) from the water using phytoremediation and bioremediation techniques. PhD dissertation. National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Odisha. India; 2012.
National Water Act. Act No 36 of 1998, (Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa).
Rani A, Souche YS, Goel R. Comparative assessment of in situ bioremediation potential of cadmium resistant acidophilic Pseudomonas putida 62BN and alkalophilic Pseudomonas monteilii 97AN strains on soybean. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 2009; 63:62-66.
Matyar F, Akkan T, Ucak Y, Eraslan B. Aeromonas and pseudomonas: Antibiotic and heavy metal resistance species from Iskenderun bay, Turkey (Northeast Mediterranean Sea). Environ. Monit. Assess. 2010;167:309-320.
Maier RM, Pepper IL, Gerba CP. Environmental microbiology, 2nd ed., Academic Press, San Diego; 2009.
Ren WX, Li PJ, Geng Y, Li XJ. Biological leaching of heavy metals from a contaminated soil by Aspergillus niger. J. Hazardous Materials. 2009;167(1-3):164-169.
Wei G, Fan L, Zhu W, Fu Y, Yu J, Tang M. Isolation and characterization of the heavy metal resistant bacteria CCNWRS33-2 isolated from root nodule of Lespedeza cuneata in gold mine tailings in China. J. Hazardous Materials. 2009;162(1):50-56.
Ahsan H. Associations between drinking water and urinary arsenic levels and skin lesions in Bangladesh. J. Occup. Environ. Med. 2000;42:1195–1201.
Li J, Xie ZM, Xu JM, Sun YF. Risk assessment for safety of soils and vegetables around a lead/zinc mine. Environ. Geochem. Health. 2006;28:37–44.
Li Y, Wang YB, Gou X, Su YB, Wang G. Risk assessment of heavy metals in soils and vegetables around non-ferrous metals mining and smelting sites, Baiyin, China. J. Environ. Sci. (China). 2006;18:1124–1134.
Muhammad F, Farooq A, Umer R. Appraisal of heavy metal contents in different vegetables grown in the vicinity of an industrial area. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 2008;40(5):2099-2106.
Radwan A, Salama A. Market basket survey for some heavy metals in Egyptian fruits and vegetables. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2006;44:1273–1278.
Khan S, Cao Q, Zheng Y, Huang Y, Zhu Y. Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China. J of Science of Food and Agriculture. 2008;73: 446-454.
Nriagu JO. A silent epidemic of environmental metal poisoning. Environ. Pollut. 1988;50:139-145.
CERCLA Priority list of hazardous substances. ATSDR; 2001.
Gadd GM, Griffiths AJ. Microorganisms and heavy metal toxicity, Microbial Ecology. 1978;4:303-317.
Volesky B. Biosorption for metal recovery, Biotechnology. 1987;96–101.
Long XX, Yang XE, Ni WZ. Current status and prospective on phytoremediation of heavy metal polluted soils. J Appl Ecol. 2002;13:757–62.
Ernst E. Heavy metals in traditional Indian remedies. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2002;57:891–6.
Chronopoulos J, Haidouti C, Chronopoulou A, Massas I. Variations in plant and soil lead and cadmium content in urban parks in Athens, Greece. Sci Total Environ. 1997; 196:91–8.
Nriagu JO. A global assessment of natural sources of atmospheric trace metals, Nature. 1989;338:47–49.
Adriano DC. Trace elements in the terrestrial environment, 2nd edition. Springer-Verlag, New York; 2001.
Adriano DC, Bolan NS, Vangronsveld J, Wenzel WW. Heavy metals. In: D Hillel (ed) Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment, Elsevier, Amsterdam. 2005; 175-182
Sparks DL. Metal and oxyanion sorption on naturally occurring oxide and clay mineral surfaces. In: Grassian V (ed) Environmental Catalysts, Taylor and Francis Books Inc, Boca Raton, FL; 2005.
Das MP, Kumari N. Microbial bioremediation approach: Removal of heavy metal using isolated bacterial strains from industrial effluent disposal site int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res. 2016;38(1):Article No. 19:111-114.
Ansari RA, Qureshi AA, Ramteke DS. Isolation and characterization of heavy-metal resistant microbes from Industrial soil. International Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2016;6(5):670-680.
CEC. Impact Assessment of the Thematic Strategy on Soil Protection. COM (2006)231 Final (SEC (2006)1165); 2006b.
Van Liedekerke M, Prokop G, Rabl-Berger S, Kibblewhite M, Louwagie G. Progress in the management of contaminated sites in Europe. EUR 26376. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. 2014; 68.
De Guzman MLC, Kristina SGA, Jan-Mari NRC, Glenn LSS. Isolation and identification of heavy metal-tolerant bacteria from an industrial site as a possible source for bioremediation of cadmium, lead, and nickel advances in environmental biology. 2016;10(1):10-15.
Qingping Wu, Huiqing W, Guojie Wu, Qihui Gu, Linting W. Cd- resistant strains of B. cereus S5 with endurance capacity and their capacities for cadmium removal from cadmium-polluted water. Plos One. 2016;1-25.
Kafilzadeh F, Saberifard S. Isolation and identification of chromium (VI)- resistant bacteria from soltan abad river sediments (Shiraz-Iran) Jundishapur J Health Sci. 2016;8(1):41-47.
Fawazy GKK, El-Dougdoug AK, Essam AS, Nil IAEl. Bioremediation of heavy metals by Pseudomonas putida isolated from groundwater in Egypt. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research. 2016;5(07):71-75.
Okonkwo NC, Igwe JC, Onwuchekwa EC. Risk and health implications of polluted soils for crop production. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2005;4(13):1521–1524.
Rollin H, Mathee A, Levin J, Theodorou P, Wewersc F. Blood manganese concentra-tions among first-grade schoolchildren in two South African cities. Env. Res. 2005; 97:93–99.
Kim SU, Cheong YH, Seo DC, Hur JS, Heo JS, et al. Characterisation of heavy metal tolerance and biosorption capacity of bacterium strain CPB4 (Bacillus spp.). Water Sci Technol. 2007;55:105-111.
Kratochvil D, Volesky B. Advances in the biosorption of heavy metals. Trends in Biotechnology. 1998;16:291-300.
Kumar B, Kumari S, Flores LC. Plant mediated detoxification of mercury and lead. Arabian Journal of Chemistry. In Press; 2014.
Cunningham SD, Berti WR, Huang JW. Phytoremediation of contaminated soils. Trends Biotechnol. 1995;13:393– 397.
Davis TA, Volesky B, Mucci A. A review of the biochemistry of heavy metal biosorption by brown algae. Water Res. 2003;37:4311-4330.
Deeb BE, Altalhi AD. Degradative plasmid and heavy metal resistance plasmid naturally coexist in phenol and cyanide assimilating bacteria. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology. 2009;5: 84-93.
Dobson RS, Burgess JE. Biological treatment of precious metal refinery waste-water: A review. Minerals Engineering. 2007;20:519-532.
Dowdy RH, Volk VV. Movement of heavy metals in soils. In: D.W. Nelsenetal, Editor, Chemical Mobility and Reactivity in Soil Systems, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI; 1983.
Fan Q, He J, Xue H. Competitive adsorption, release and speciation of heavy metals in the Yellow River sediments, China. Environmental Geology. 2007;5: 239-251.
Garbisu C, Alkorta I. Phytoextraction: A cost-effective plant-based technology for the removal of metals from the environment. Bioresour Technol. 2001;77: 229-236.
Gadd GM, White C. Microbial treatment of metal pollution--a working biotechnology? Trends Biotechnol. 1993;11:353-359.
Gawali AA, Nanoty VD, Bhalekar UK. Biosorption of heavy metals from aqueous solution using bacterial EPS. International Journal of Life Sciences. 2014;2:373-377.
Goyal N, Jain SC, Banerjee UC. Comparative studies on the microbial adsorption of heavy metals. Advances in Environmental Research. 2003;7:311-319.
Mirlahiji SG, Eisazadeh K. Bioremediation of Uranium by Geobacter spp. Journal of Research and Development. 2014;1:52-58.
Mohsenzadeh F, Rad AC. Bioremediation of heavy metal pollution by nano-particles of Noaea mucronata. International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics. 2012;3:85-89.
Naik MM, Shamim K, Dubey SK. Biological characterization of lead resistant bacteria to explore role of bacterial metallothionein in lead resistance. Current Science. 2012;103:426-429.
Chudobova D, Dostalova S, Nedeckyb BR, Guran R, Rodrigo MAM, Tmejova K, Krizkova S, Zitka O, Adam V, Kizek R. The effect of metal ions on Staphylococcus aureus revealed by biochemical and mass spectrometric analyses. Microbiological Research. 2015;170:147–156.
Hobman JL, Crossman LC. Bacterial antimicrobial metal ion resistance. Journal of Medical Microbiology. 2014;64:471-497.
Moraleda-Mun˜oz A, Pe´rez J, Extremera AL, Mun˜oz-Dorado J. Differential regulation of six heavy metal efflux systems in the response of Myxococcus xanthus to copper. App. and Environ. Microbiol. 2010;76(18):6069–6076.
Rahman A, Nahar N, Nawani NN, Jass J, Ghosh S, Olsson B, Mandal A. Comparative genome analysis of Lysinibacillus B1-CDA, a bacterium that accumulates arsenics. Genomics. 2015b; 106:384-392.
Sousa C, Cebolla A, de Lorenzo V. Enhanced metalloadsorption of bacterial cells displaying poly-His peptides. Nat Biotechnol. 1996;14:1017-1020.
Selatnia A, Boukazoula A, Kechid BN, Bakhti MZ, Chergui A. Biosorption of lead (II) from aqueous solution by a bacterial dead Streptomyces rimosus biomass. Biochemical Engineering Journal. 2004;19: 127-135.
Shumate SE, Strandberg GW, Parrott JR. Biological removal of metal ions from aqueous process streams. Biotechnology and Bioengineering Symposium. 1978;8: 13-20.
Palmiter RD. The elusive function of metallothioneins. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1998;95:8428-8430.
Robinson NJ, Gupta A, Fordham-Skelton AP, Croy RRD, Whitton BA. Prokaryotic metallothionein gene characterization and expression: Chromosome crawling by ligation-mediated PCR. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. 1990;242: 241–247.
Hamer DH. Metallothionein. Annu Rev Biochem. 1986;55:913-951.
Huckle JW, Morby AP, Turner JS, Robinson NJ. Isolation of a prokaryotic metallothionein locus and analysis of transcriptional control by trace metal ions. Molecular Microbiology. 1993;7:177–187.
Turner JS, Robinson NJ, Gupta A. Construction of Zn2/Cd2 tolerant cyanobacteria with a modified metallothionein divergon: Further analysis of the function and regulation of smt. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. 1995;14:259–264.
Silver S. Bacterial resistance to toxic metal ions-a review. Gene. 1996;179:9–19.
Lebrun M, Audurier A, Cossart P. Plasmid-borne cadmium resistance genes in Listeria monocytogenes are similar to cadA and cadC of Staphylococcus aureus and are induced by cadmium. J. Bacteriol. 1994; 176:3040–3048.
Herrmann L, Schwan D, Garner R, Mobley HLT, Haas R, Schafer KP, Melchers K. Helicobacter pylori cadA encodes an essential Cd(II)-Zn(II)-Co(II) resistance factor influencing urease activity. Mol. Microbiol. 1999;33:524–536.
Lee SW, Glickmann E, Cooksey DA. Chromosomal locus for cadmium resistance in Pseudomonas putida consisting of a cadmium-transporting ATPase and a MerR family response regulator. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2001;67:1437–1444.
Nucifora G, Chu L, Misra TK, Silver S. Cadmium resistance from Staphylococcus aureus plasmid pI258 cadA gene results from a cadmium- efflux ATPase. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 1989;86:3544–3548.
Tsai KJ, Yoon KP, Lynn AR. ATP-dependent cadmium transport by the cadA cadmium resistance determinant in everted membrane vesicles of Bacillus subtilis. J. Bacteriol. 1992;174:116–121.
Perry RD, Silver S. Cadmium and manganese transport in Staphylococcus aureus membrane vesicles. J. Bacteriol. 1982;150:973–976.
Dixit R. Bioremediation of heavy metals from soil and aquatic env. An overview of principles and criteria of fundamental processes. Sustainability. 2015;7:2189-2212.
Zhang W. Nanoscale iron particles for environmental remediation: An overview J. Nanopart. Res. 2003;5:323-332.
Singh BK. Organophosphorus-degrading bacteria: Ecology and industrial applications Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 2009;7:156–164.
Singh BK. Exploring microbial diversity for biotechnology: The way forward. Trend Biotechnol. 2010;28:111–116.